Introduction to traditional Chinese festivals
Traditional Chinese festivals are an important part of the country’s culture and history. They are a time for families to come together and celebrate, often with feasts and dragons dances. Many festivals are based on the lunar calendar and occur at different times each year.
The most well-known festival is the Chinese New Year, which falls in late January or early February. Families clean their homes, decorate with red lanterns, and give gifts to each other. On New Year’s Eve, a special dinner is eaten, and fireworks are set off at midnight. The new year is then welcomed in with drums and gongs.
Other popular festivals include the Mid-Autumn Festival, which is all about family reunions and eating mooncakes; the Qingming Festival, when people visit the graves of their ancestors; and the Dragon Boat Festival, where races are held in boats decorated with dragon heads.
The Lunar New Year
The Lunar New Year is one of the most important traditional Chinese festivals. It is also known as the Spring Festival because it marks the beginning of spring.
The festival usually falls on the first day of the first month in the Chinese lunar calendar. In 2020, the Lunar New Year will be on January 25.
During the Lunar New Year, people usually spend time with their family and friends, and they also enjoy traditional foods and activities. One of the most popular traditional foods is dumplings. Dumplings are small balls of dough that are filled with meat or vegetables. People often eat them during the festival.
Another popular activity during the Lunar New Year is setting off fireworks. Fireworks are a symbol of good luck, and they are believed to scare away evil spirits.
The Lunar New Year is a time for people to celebrate life and start fresh for the new year ahead.
The Dragon Boat Festival
The Dragon Boat Festival is a traditional Chinese festival that occurs on the fifth day of the fifth month of the Chinese lunar calendar. The festival is also known as Duanwu, Duen Ng, or Tuen Ng. It commemorates the life and death of the famous Chinese poet and politician, Qu Yuan (340–278 BC).
The Dragon Boat Festival is celebrated by dragon boat races, which are held all over China. These races are traditionally held on rivers, but nowadays they are also held in lakes and even swimming pools. The boats used in these races are long and narrow, with a dragon’s head at the front and a tail at the back. The teams that race against each other consist of 20 paddlers, 1 drummer, and 1 flag catcher.
Apart from dragon boat racing, the Dragon Boat Festival is also celebrated with eating zongzi (sticky rice dumplings), drinking realgar wine, and hanging scrolls with poems on them.
The Mid-Autumn Festival
The Mid-Autumn Festival, also known as the Moon Festival or Zhongqiujie, is a traditional Chinese holiday that celebrates the harvest and commemorates the mythical moon goddess Chang’e. The festival falls on the 15th day of the 8th month of the lunar calendar, which is usually in September or early October in the Gregorian calendar.
During the Mid-Autumn Festival, families gather to eat mooncakes and worship the moon. Mooncakes are round or square pastries filled with lotus seed paste, bean paste, or fruit. They symbolize reunion and are often given as gifts to friends and family.
Worshipping the moon is a way to give thanks for the harvest and to pray for good fortune in the coming year. People also light lanterns and write poems about the moon. The Mid-Autumn Festival is a time for people to enjoy food, spend time with loved ones, and appreciate nature’s beauty.
There are many traditional Chinese festivals that are celebrated throughout the year. Some of the most popular include the Spring Festival, Lantern Festival, Dragon Boat Festival,, and Mid-Autumn Festival. Each festival has its own unique customs and traditions that have been passed down through generations. If you have the opportunity to visit China during one of these festivals, be sure to participate in the festivities and soak up all the culture!